Test For 10th Form Students
Directions: In this test you will select three task slips from those before you. After selecting three, choose the one you feel you are most capable to speak about and return the other two to the table face down. Then take about a minute to collect your thoughts before you begin to speak on the topic. You may refer to the topic as needed. Take a deep breath and begin.
- Talk about the influence of other cultures on Ukrainian youth, particularly through mass media ( television, radio, the Internet, magazines, etc). – What are the positive and negative influences of media from other cultures? – Should the negative influences be censored by the government? Explain. – What are the responsibilities of parents in monitoring what their children are exposed to?
- Litter that has been disposed of improperly is a global problem and takes away from the beauty and safety of many cities and towns throughout the world. – Do you feel that litter is a problem in Ukrainian cities and towns? Why or why not? – What are some practical ways in which the litter problems around the world could be addressed? – Why do you think they would be effective?
- All students are required to participate in physical training classes. Should participation in physical training at school be mandatory? – What benefits and problems does this training have? – What dangers might be involved in physical training activities? – Should parents have the right to remove their children from this kind of lesson? Why?
4.Some people believe that living a healthy lifestyle is the key to one’s happiness. – What is your idea of a healthy lifestyle? – How has the definition of health changed over time, and from culture to culture? – Can a person who is not healthy still be happy?
- There are many different ways to be a leader. – How have you been a leader at school , among your friends, or in other ways? – What are some necessary characteristics of a good leader? – Can everyone be a leader? – Why is being or having a leader important?
- Traditions allow us to maintain a quasi-connection to our ancestors. – What traditions do you have in your family? – From where/whom do they originate? – Do you think that you will continue these traditions, or start new ones?
- Some would say it`s almost impossible to be true friends with people from different generations. Do you agree? – What are the advantages and disadvantages of these types of relationships? – What does society think about such relationships? – Do you have any close friends from a different generation?
- Let`s imagine that many people have fallen ill in the city where you live due to the high number of cars in town that are creating air pollution. – What would you suggest to be done about this problem? – How do you think people of your town will respond to limitations on car use? – How practical do you think bicycle riding is as an alternative to car driving in Ukraine?
- It is often said that, « The world is getting smaller.» – How has technology made the world smaller? – What are the advantages and disadvantages of living in a more connected world? – Does it make sense to say that « The world is getting bigger»? Explain.
10.Many pupils dream of travelling to other countries. Let`s imagine that you have to choose one country, not your native country, where you will go to live for a long time. – Which country would you choose? Why? – What would be the worst part about living there? The best? – How would you deal with the problem of being far from your native land?
- Vegetarianism is promoted for its health benefits, for environmental reasons and to prevent animal cruelty. – Which of these reasons do you relate to the most important? – If you were a vegetarian, what dishes would you miss the most? – Are there any social situations where it would be awkward for you to be a vegetarian?
- The invention of the wheel has changed the course of human progress. – What do you think are the three most influential inventions of the last 100 years? – Why do you think these inventions are so significant? – What are some qualities that might be common to all inventors?
- Let`s imagine that Ukraine has been chosen to host the Olympics. – In which city or village should the Olympics be hosted? Why? – Would you prefer to host Summer or Winter Olympic Games? – What additional activities would you recommend to tourists?
14.In an effort to help others, many people donate their time and money to different organizations and causes. – Which of the two do you think is more valuable? – Do you think it is better to contribute locally or internationally? – Which organization or cause do you feel is the most important and how are you helping it?
15.A recent study suggests that half of Europe`s teenagers use the Internet without parental supervision. – Do you believe that teenagers should be able to use the Internet without supervision? – What are some potential problems with unsupervised internet use? – What measures should teenagers take to protect themselves against these threats?
16.Imagine you have the chance to make your own Reality TV program. – Describe the program , including location, set design and anticipatedviewing audience. – What kinds of people do you want to be on the program? – What will people do on this program, and how do you want the people on the show to interact?
17.Imagine you were invited to speak at an American university about Ukrainian culture. – What aspect of our culture would you be most proud to share? – What do you think they would be most surprised by? – What would you hope to gain by speaking with American university students?
18.There are some who say that zoos are like prisons for animals, others say they are sanctuaries for them. – Do you feel that they are prisons for animals? Do they guarantee their survival? – How do we protect endangered species from extinction? – Have you ever taken part in a project to protect endangered wildlife?
10 th FORM Reading Comprehension
Directions: In this test you will read four texts. Each text is followed by different tasks. You should do the tasks that follow the text on the basis of what is stated or implied in the text. For each task you will choose the best possible answer, as specified prior to each text. Choose the best answer and circle the letter of your choice or put + if the statement is true, – if it is false on the answer sheet Directions: Read Death Valley, and answer questions 1-10. Mark True(+) or False (-) next to the number.
Death Valley doesn’t sound like a very inviting place. It is one of the hottest places in the world. The highest temperature ever recorded there was 134 degrees Fahrenheit. That is the highest recorded in the Western Hemisphere. And that was in the shade! Death Valley in California covers nearly 3,000 square miles. Approximately 555 square miles are below the surface of the sea. One point is 282 feet below sea level – the lowest point in the Western Hemisphere. In Death Valley, pioneers and explorers faced death from thirst and the searing heat. Yet despite its name and bad reputation, Death Valley is not just an empty wilderness of sand and rock. It is a place of spectacular scenic beauty and home to plants, animals, and even humans. In 1849 a small group of pioneers struggled for three months to get across the rough land. They suffered great hardships as they and their wagons traveled slowly across the salt flats in the baking sun. They ran out of food and had to eat the oxen and leave their possessions behind. They ran out of water and became so thirsty they could not swallow the meat. They found a lake and fell on their knees, only to discover it was heavily salted. Finally, weak and reduced to almost skeletons, they came upon a spring of fresh water and their lives were saved. When they finally reached the mountains on the other side, they slowly climbed up the rocky slopes. One of them looked back and said, “Goodbye, Death Valley.” That has been its name ever since. Death Valley is the driest place in North America. Yet far from being dead, it is alive with plants and animals. They have adapted to this harsh region. In the salt flats on the valley floor, there are no plants to be seen. But near the edge, there are grasses. Farther away, there are some small bushes and cactus. On higher ground there are shrubs and shrub-like trees. Finally, high on the mountainside, there are pine trees. What is not visible are the seeds lodged in the soil, waiting for rain. When it does come, a brilliant display of flowers carpets covers barren flatlands. Even the cactus blossoms. It is the most common of all desert plants. As the water dries up and the hot summer nears, the flowers die. But first they produce seeds that will wait for the rains of another year.
1.) Death Valley doesn’t sound like a very hospitable place.
2.) The territory of Death Valley is approximately 3,000 square kilometers.
3.) Death Valley had the highest temperature ever recorded in the world.
4.) The lowest point in the world is in Death Valley and it is 282 kilometres below sea level
5.) Even though Death Valley is a place of spectacular scenic beauty no humans live there.
6.) It took a small group of Native Americans three months to get across the rough land in 1849.
7.) The pioneers ran out of food and had to leave their cattle behind.
8.) Despite being the driest place in North America, Death Valley gives life to many plants and animals.
9.) The cactus is the only of the desert plants to blossom twice a year.
10.) Some plants and animals have adapted to harsh climate.
2 Directions: Read Alaska – The Last Frontier, and answer questions 11-15. Choose A, B, C or D.
Alaska – The Last Frontier
There is nothing small or ordinary about Alaska. It is America’s largest state. It has the highest mountain and largest glacier in North America. Its chain of volcanoes is the longest in the world. It has vast regions of uninhabited land richly diverse in both geography and wildlife. It is a remarkable place known as the “Last Frontier.” Alaska fits its name very well. It comes from the word alyeska, meaning “Great Land” in the language of its native Aleut people. Alaska covers 591,004 square miles. The state of Rhode Island would fit into Alaska 480 times! The highest point in Alaska is 20,320-foot Mount McKinley. The 16 highest mountains in the United States are all in Alaska. There are also about 100,000 glaciers. The largest, Malaspina Glacier, covers 850 square miles. Alaska also has more than three million lakes and 3,000 rivers, much more than any other state. Everything about Alaska seems to be big. The largest salmon on record was caught in 1985 in Alaska’s Kenia River. It weighed 97 pounds, 4 ounces. Its brown bears, called Kodiak bears, are the world’s largest bears. Even the vegetables grown there are big. Cabbages have been known to weigh 95 pounds and carrots to be 3 feet long! If you took a trip through Alaska, it would take quite a long while to cover its vast territory. You’d have to take an airplane from place to place because much of Alaska doesn’t have roads. Along the coast you would see thousands of islands, rocks, and reefs. You’d see glaciers and icebergs, which are huge pieces of glaciers that fall into the water. Glaciers cover nearly 29,000 square miles of Alaska. Most are in the south and southeast. In south-central Alaska, you’d fly over the Alaskan Mountain Range and Mount McKinley. Thousands of visitors have climbed up Mount McKinley. Others have died trying. The youngest person to climb Mount McKinley was Taras Genet of Talkeetna, Alaska, who climbed it in 1991 when he was 12 years old. No doubt you would visit several of Alaska’s national parks. In these protected lands there are glaciers, mountains, active volcanoes, lakes, rivers, forests, and wildlife of many kinds. Besides Kodiak bears, there are grizzly bears, polar bears, moose, caribou, wolves, porcupines, beavers, mountain goats, foxes, and squirrels. Alaska has 450 kinds of birds. In its waters, whales and dolphins swim along the coast. Seals, walruses, and sea otters are also found there. Part of Alaska lies within the Arctic Circle. The land there is called tundra. There are no trees because the soil is permanently frozen. This frozen soil, called permafrost, thaws on the surface during the summer, when it is covered with a thick layer of mosses, wildflowers, and grasses. People who live there have a special problem because of the permafrost. A house built on it sometimes causes it to thaw beneath the house. The thawed soil begins to sink down, and the house goes with it! Many arctic inhabitants build their houses on platforms so they can be moved from time to time.
11.) Alaska means _______________ in the language of its aborigines.
A.) Largest State B.) Great Land C.) Last Frontier D.) important territory
12.) Alaska has the ____________ of volcanoes in the world
. A..) most uninhabited areas B.) highest range C.) largest glacier D.) longest chain 13.) Alaska _________ 480 times bigger than Rhode Island
A..) fits B.)is C.) runs D.) enters
14.) Along the coast of Alaska you’d see icebergs, which are enormous pieces of __________ that fall into the water.
A..) glaciers B.) mountains C.) volcanoes D.) snow
15.) No trees grow in the territory___________ because the soil is permanently frozen.
A..) called permafrostB.) within the Arctiic circle C.) of south-central Alaska D.) called tundra Directions:
Read Death Valley- continued, and answer questions 16-20. Choose A, B, C or D.
Death Valley – continued
At noon on a summer day, Death Valley looks truly devoid of wildlife. But in reality, there are 55 species of mammals, 32 kinds of birds, 36 kinds of reptiles, and 3 kinds of amphibians. During the day many seek shelter under rocks and in burrows. As night approaches, however, the land cools. The desert becomes a center of animal activity. Owls hunt for mice. Bats gather insects as they fly. The little kit fox is out looking for food, accompanied by snakes, hawks, coyotes, and bobcats. Many of these animals, like the desert plants, have adapted to the dry desert. They use water very efficiently. They can often survive on water supplies that would leave similar animals elsewhere dying of thirst. Humans have also learned how to survive in this land. Little is known about the first people, the Lake Mohave people, except that they hunted there as long as 9,000 years ago. From 5,000 to 2,000 years ago, the Mesquite Flat people inhabited the region. Then the Saratoga people came. Finally, about 1,000 years ago, the earliest of the Shoshone natives moved in. To this day, a few Shoshone families live the winter months in the desert. The natives knew where every hidden spring was. They also knew the habits of the desert animals, which they hunted. The natives, and later even the prospectors, ate every imaginable desert animal. They ate everything from the bighorn sheep to snakes, rats, and lizards. They were often on the edge of starvation. In autumn they gathered nuts from the pine trees. Other foods they ate included roots, cactus plants, leaves, and sometimes insects. The early prospectors didn’t know the desert as well as the natives. Many died looking for gold and silver in Death Valley. Others did find the precious metals. Then a “boomtown” was born. First it consisted of miners living in tents. Then permanent buildings were built. But when the mine failed, the town that built up around it did too. Today the remains of these “ghost towns” are scattered about Death Valley. They have names like Skidoo, Panamint City, Chloride City, and Greenwater. Going to Death Valley once meant danger, hardship, and even death. Today, visitors can drive there in air-conditioned comfort. They can stay in hotels. They don’t have to worry about dying of hunger or thirst. They can look upon the hills, canyons, and cactus with appreciation rather than fear. They can admire the beauty of this strange land. They can leave with happy memories.
16.) On summer midday, Death Valley seems______________ wildlife.
A.) entirely lacked from B.) to inhabit C.) to shelter D.) to capture
17.) During the day it is common for _____________ to seek shelter under rocks and in burrows.
A..) desert plants B.) humans C.) the Saratoga people D.) wildlife
18.)The people who originally inhabited Death Valley were called _____
. A..) the Lake Mohave people B.) the Mesquite Flat people C.) the Saratoga people D.) the Shoshone natives
19.) _______________ also knew the habits of the desert animals, which they hunted.
A.) The Americans B.) The aborigines C.) The prospectors D.) The visitors
20.) Many _________________ rushed to Death Valley in search of precious metals.
A.) Shoshone families B.) Mesquite Flat people C.) prospectors D.) natives
Test For 10th form Students
Directions: In this test you will select from the three tasks written on the board one which you feel you are most capable to write about. You will then begin writing your essay on the pages provided. When you are finished, close your papers, lay down your pen and wait. Your test materials will be collected.
- Some people say that the Internet provides people with a lot of valuable information. Others think access to so much information creates problems. Which view do you agree with? Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.
- Woodrow Wilson once said, “Friendship is the only cement that will hold the world together.” Do you agree? Why or why not? How can this be applied to global politics? How can this be applied to your personal life?
- Since the beginning of the world, millions of species of animals have died out. Despite our efforts species go extinct every day, some even before we discover them. Is it important for humanity to make sure more species don’t die out? What would happen to the world if we stopped protecting animals? What would this mean for nature and for humans? What are the benefits of biodiversity?